��{�������|��~>{{vq��(��E��sb ��3v��2�FET%�6/%K3�oE���ӳU��n����*�.ù���k������w������=B���}���KG@. If so, do you have a professional opinion on the subject? If a conjunction is inserted, the proper mark is a comma (Rule 4). /Parent 1 0 R /Length 4045 A. >> Comma Rules There are basically 5 chief reasons to use commas: SEPARATION OF ELEMENTS 1. endobj

The Chicago Manual of Style is a registered trademark of The University of Chicago.
/Contents[5 0 R] Privacy Policy Stevenson’s romances are entertaining; they are full of exciting adventures. /Author (whisnantcj) It is nearly half past five, and we cannot reach town before dark. And since it is commonly called the Oxford comma, it Ex: We went to the store and bought apples, bananas, and peaches. /Producer (PDFlib 3.03 \(Win32\)) In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last 7 3.

2. Note that if the second clause is preceded by an adverb, such as accordingly, besides, so, then, therefore, or thus, and not by a conjunction, the semicolon is still required. The fourth edition of The Elements of Style (2000), published 54 years after Strunk's death, omits his stylistic advice about masculine pronouns: "unless the antecedent is or must be feminine". /Type/Page Rules 3, 4, 5, and 6 cover the most important principles in the punctuation of ordinary sentences; they should be so thoroughly mastered that their application becomes second nature. If you google “serial comma” or “Oxford comma,” you’ll see a lot of heavy weather from opinionated commenters, but there are times when using the comma (or omitting it) results in ambiguity, which is why it’s best to stay flexible. Account Management, About the University of Chicago Press stream /Type/Pages Has your staff also noticed this tendency? Site Map Rule 1: Use Commas Properly 1a: Use the Oxford Comma 5 0 obj Contact Us. I looked the issue up in the reliable reference book “Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage” and learned that Strunk and White’s “The Elements of Style” counsels However, virtually every other authority (including Merriam-Webster’s) properly says it’s perfectly okay. << >> About The Chicago Manual of Style (I find myself more and more often rechecking to see if these periodicals and books are British!) %PDF-1.3 4 0 obj Second, the serial comma is optional; some mainstream style guides (such as the Associated Press) don’t use it. >> /Kids[4 0 R 12 0 R] /Pages 1 0 R I had never been in the place before; so I had difficulty in finding my way about. Q. Chicago, APA, and other style guides for US English require a comma before the conjunction in a series of three or more items, per Strunk and White. /MediaBox[0 0 612 792] >> Stevenson's romances are entertaining; they are full of exciting adventures. << /Resources 11 0 R First, let’s note that Strunk & White recommend the serial comma (1918) per Chicago (1906), not the other way around; we were using it when White was still learning to read! /Type/Catalog endobj The Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition text © 2017 by The University of Chicago. << Stevenson’s romances are entertaining. A simple correction, usually serviceable, is to omit the word so, and begin the first clause with as: As I had never been in the place before, I had difficulty in finding my way about. To separate words in a series (Strunk & White Rule #2).

Stevenson’s romances are entertaining, for they are full of exciting adventures. Grammar Rules for Independent Clauses from Strunk & White Using the Semicolon to Join the Clauses If two or more clauses, grammatically complete and not joined by a conjunction, are to form a single compound sentence, the proper mark of punctuation is a semicolon. William Strunk, Jr. endobj In general, however, it is best, in writing, to avoid using so in this manner; there is danger that the writer who uses it at all may use it too often. Terms of Use
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%���� And since it is commonly called the Oxford comma, it seems the British have been onto it for a while as well. 3 0 obj 2 0 obj /Filter/FlateDecode 1 0 obj Subscribe to The Chicago Manual of Style Online. /Creator (Win2PDF http://www.daneprairie.com) If two or more clauses, grammatically complete and not joined by a conjunction, are to form a single compound sentence, the proper mark of punctuation is a semicolon. The Chicago Manual of Style Online © 2006, 2007, 2010, 2017 by The University of Chicago. Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding 's 7 2. << /CreationDate (D:20061005163328) However, in recent years I have increasingly seen US publications not follow this rule. First, let’s note that Strunk & White recommend the serial comma (1918) per Chicago (1906), not the other way around; we were using it when White was still learning to read! Copyright 2011–2020 Oxford Editing | All Rights Reserved, Structuring Your Paper: A Strong Thesis Statement Is the Key, Avoiding Orwellian Language: Writing Rules from George Orwell, Don’t Join Independent Clauses with a Comma, To “We” or Not to “We”–The First Person in Academic Writing. Elementary Rules of Usage 7 1. It is nearly half past five; we cannot reach town before dark. It is of course equally correct to write the above as two sentences each, replacing the semicolons by periods. CMOS editors share writing tips, editing ideas, interviews, quizzes, and more! endobj Taken from Strunk and White’s The Elements of Style, here are four powerful strategies for improving the clarity of your writing . /Count 2 Enclose parenthetic 8 4. It is nearly half past five; 7. /Title (Microsoft Word - Grammar Rules-Comma.doc) A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject. << Asserting that one must first know the rules to break them, this classic reference book is a must-have for any student and conscientious writer. If the clauses are very short, and are alike in form, a comma is usually permissible: The gate swung apart, the bridge fell, the portcullis was drawn up. The Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition text © 2010 by The University of Chicago. >> Strunk Jr. no longer has a comma in his name in the 1979 and later editions, due to the modernized style recommendation about punctuating such names. x��\ݏ�6�_A�@� �O�DRL�tsݻf7M�ȋ,�kumɕ�lܿ�f�ԗ�K�݇��1mQ3�|�fH�DŽ3�8�i#X��x3Oc���/��_W������]-'����3����ޓ�����x�����/���6�j31f����{�['�!�y��A�^��r4�/����"w�J��E����ʗ��F �s_�F�&|��͸O�>��{�������|��~>{{vq��(��E��sb ��3v��2�FET%�6/%K3�oE���ӳU��n����*�.ù���k������w������=B���}���KG@. If so, do you have a professional opinion on the subject? If a conjunction is inserted, the proper mark is a comma (Rule 4). /Parent 1 0 R /Length 4045 A. >> Comma Rules There are basically 5 chief reasons to use commas: SEPARATION OF ELEMENTS 1. endobj

The Chicago Manual of Style is a registered trademark of The University of Chicago.
/Contents[5 0 R] Privacy Policy Stevenson’s romances are entertaining; they are full of exciting adventures. /Author (whisnantcj) It is nearly half past five, and we cannot reach town before dark. And since it is commonly called the Oxford comma, it Ex: We went to the store and bought apples, bananas, and peaches. /Producer (PDFlib 3.03 \(Win32\)) In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last 7 3.

2. Note that if the second clause is preceded by an adverb, such as accordingly, besides, so, then, therefore, or thus, and not by a conjunction, the semicolon is still required. The fourth edition of The Elements of Style (2000), published 54 years after Strunk's death, omits his stylistic advice about masculine pronouns: "unless the antecedent is or must be feminine". /Type/Page Rules 3, 4, 5, and 6 cover the most important principles in the punctuation of ordinary sentences; they should be so thoroughly mastered that their application becomes second nature. If you google “serial comma” or “Oxford comma,” you’ll see a lot of heavy weather from opinionated commenters, but there are times when using the comma (or omitting it) results in ambiguity, which is why it’s best to stay flexible. Account Management, About the University of Chicago Press stream /Type/Pages Has your staff also noticed this tendency? Site Map Rule 1: Use Commas Properly 1a: Use the Oxford Comma 5 0 obj Contact Us. I looked the issue up in the reliable reference book “Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage” and learned that Strunk and White’s “The Elements of Style” counsels However, virtually every other authority (including Merriam-Webster’s) properly says it’s perfectly okay. << >> About The Chicago Manual of Style (I find myself more and more often rechecking to see if these periodicals and books are British!) %PDF-1.3 4 0 obj Second, the serial comma is optional; some mainstream style guides (such as the Associated Press) don’t use it. >> /Kids[4 0 R 12 0 R] /Pages 1 0 R I had never been in the place before; so I had difficulty in finding my way about. Q. Chicago, APA, and other style guides for US English require a comma before the conjunction in a series of three or more items, per Strunk and White. /MediaBox[0 0 612 792] >> Stevenson's romances are entertaining; they are full of exciting adventures. << /Resources 11 0 R First, let’s note that Strunk & White recommend the serial comma (1918) per Chicago (1906), not the other way around; we were using it when White was still learning to read! /Type/Catalog endobj The Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition text © 2017 by The University of Chicago. << Stevenson’s romances are entertaining. A simple correction, usually serviceable, is to omit the word so, and begin the first clause with as: As I had never been in the place before, I had difficulty in finding my way about. To separate words in a series (Strunk & White Rule #2).

Stevenson’s romances are entertaining, for they are full of exciting adventures. Grammar Rules for Independent Clauses from Strunk & White Using the Semicolon to Join the Clauses If two or more clauses, grammatically complete and not joined by a conjunction, are to form a single compound sentence, the proper mark of punctuation is a semicolon. William Strunk, Jr. endobj In general, however, it is best, in writing, to avoid using so in this manner; there is danger that the writer who uses it at all may use it too often. Terms of Use

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