Clytemnestra and Iphigenia try in vain to persuade Agamemnon to change his mind, but the general believes that he has no choice. Menelaos accuses Agamemnon of being hollow and disloyal to anyone but himself. It seems Agamemnon simply doesn’t want his wife around to witness his betrayal and add to his guilt. Hippolytos | Leipzig 1988 (Bibliotheca Teubneriana). Agamemnon clearly wants to change his and his daughter’s fate and he knows that he has only one opportunity to do so.
Embarrassed, Clytemnestra bids “farewell” to Achilles, who tries to enter the tent and find Agamemnon, but before he can go inside, the Old Man (Agamemnon’s servant) comes out and reveals to the queen and the hero the nature of Agamemnon’s plot. Even so, Achilles is adamant that he will protect Iphigenia’s life even at the cost of his own. In this way, Iphigeneia is taking her fate into her own hands and reclaiming agency over her situation.
Clytemnestra’s solemn retreat into her tent reflects, perhaps, Euripides’s own narrative suspicion of such paeans to the glory of uncaring gods and corrupt leadership. Like her father, she feels trapped by fate and destiny and tricked cruelly by the gods themselves. He clearly wants to preserve whatever familial relationships these people have left, though they are clearly in tatters. Clytemnestra doesn’t know how much more misery she can take. -Graham S. This passage introduces the terrible choice at the heart of the play: Agamemnon must decide whether he is going to put his own immediate family first or whether he is going to betray them for the sake of his brother’s pride and thus his house’s honor. Some analysts are of the opinion that some of the material in the play is inauthentic and that it may have been worked on by multiple authors. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. The seer Calchas has advised that the lack of wind is due to the will of the goddess Artemis, whom, A recurring motif in the play is that of the, Structurally, the play is unusual in that it. In this passage, as Clytemnestra asks about the lineage of the man who is about to join their family, it becomes clear just how important legacy and family are to the Greeks. The whole city of Aulis is quiet and the guard on the walls has yet to change. I envy the man with the quiet life, the safe life. It is almost customary for a tragic agon—that is to say, a formal discussion, a sort of “battle of wits”—to end either with one clear winner or with the two sides unmoved from their starting points. Menelaus is furious: “Look me in the face,” he says to his brother, and tell m…
Agamemnon’s servant is, however, intercepted by Menelaus, who, adamant to retrieve Helen from the Trojan, starts a furious argument with his brother after realizing that Agamemnon has second thoughts about going through with Iphigenia’s sacrifice. Iphigeneia, like Clytemnestra, attempts to appeal to her Agamemnon’s sympathies by reminding him how loyal she is to him and how much she loves him. The Chalkidian women imagine the violence and terror waiting across the sea in Troy with a mixture of revulsion and excitement. Stück für Stück bauen wir die Inhalte weiter aus. Erster Auftritt. Iphigenie in Aulis – Erste Zwischenhandlung. “I am anxious to test you,” he says, “and do not seek from rage to turn aside from the truth, nor will I on my part overstrain the case.” It is evident that Menelaus has other things against his brother as well, accusing him of falseness and disloyalty to his friends: before he became a commander, he had been humble, cordial and caring to everybody, but now he is suddenly “hard of access, seldom to be found at home.” And now this—he has put his own interests and family before that of the army and the state. “When I heard this,” explains further Agamemnon, “I commanded Talthybius with loud proclamation to disband the whole army, as I could never bear to slay my daughter. At the time of writing, Euripides had recently moved from Athens to the relative safety of Macedon, and it was becoming increasingly clear that Athens would lose the generation-long conflict with Sparta known as the Peloponnesian War. 61, my New York non-profit theater company, it would be much appreciated. Hekabe | In this passage, Achilles proves himself to be different than the other men in the play. Â Either the more classic or contemporary versions are available for use. Clytemnestra likely told Iphigeneia the truth in spite of Achilles’s request for her to let the girl live in ignorance a while longer. Iphigenie freut sich sehr, ihren Vater wiederzusehen. Jean Racines Tragödie Iphigénie (1674) bildete neben dem euripideischen Original die Quelle für zahlreiche Opern, die ab dem 18. IPHIGENIA IN AULIS.
no, that is impossible. “What joy to hear these tidings from the messenger!” says the Chorus, with Clytemnestra agreeing, but still unsure if they are, indeed, true.). “Iphigenia at Aulis” may be regarded as a subtle attack on two of the principle institutions of ancient Greece, the army and prophecy, and it seems clear that Euripides had grown progressively more pessimistic of the ability of his countrymen to live justly, humanely and compassionately. However, it is one of the few Greek plays which shows Agamemnon in anything other than a negative light. Even when confronted directly by his family, Agamemnon is unable to even do them the courtesy of telling them the truth about what he’s done. Realizing that he’s not lying, Clytemnestra restlessly throws herself before the feet of Achilles and starts begging him to help her and Iphigenia. Iphigenie in Aulis – Fünfter Akt. Eventually, it appears that each has managed to change the other’s mind: Agamemnon is now ready to carry out the sacrifice, but Menelaus is apparently convinced that it would be better to disband the Greek army than to have his niece killed. The audience’s first introduction to the play’s protagonist and central figure, Agamemnon, shows him in a vulnerable light. Sie wird daraufhin zum Opfer geschmückt und geweiht. Zweiter Auftritt.
9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. “What have I to do with the marriage of Paris and Helen?” she asks tearfully. In this passage, Euripides employs tragic irony in order to highlight the awkwardness and pain of the meeting between Agamemnon and his family. “IPHIGENIA IN AULIS” Written in 410 B.C. This belief reflects Achilles’s faith in the man’s power to make rational decisions on his own behalf—but Achilles, having never met Agamemnon, clearly underestimates the man’s fear of the gods and willingness to surrender to the forces he believes to be “destiny.”.
Artemis replacing Iphigeneia with a deer, the animal most sacred to her, demonstrates her satisfaction with the sacrifice and her ability to see Iphigeneia as someone beloved and revered. Achilles, Clytemnestra, and Iphigeneia all know that even if she resists going to her death, the men of the Greek army will kill her themselves.
This passage represents the very real fear of the gods’ wrath that many Ancient Greeks felt.
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